One of the most popular tourist destinations in the world is Bali. Bali is an Indonesian island located at the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands, lying between Java to the west and Lombok to the east.It is renowned for its highly developed arts, including dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking and music. The island of Bali lies 3.2 km (2 mi) east of Java. Denpasar is the principal and largest city. Bali's second-largest city is the old colonial capital, Singaraja, which is located on the north coast. Some of the other important cities include the beach resort, Kuta, which is practically part of Denpasar's urban area; and Ubud, which is north of Denpasar, and known as the island's cultural centre. Bali has around 280 species of birds among them Bali Starling is In position of extinct. Few visitors to Bali are aware that just beyond the hustle and bustle of the main tourist attractions there is a natural paradise of astounding beauty protected by the Bali Barat National Park and Marine Reserve.The Bali Barat National Park, located on the north western side of the island, is a refuge for wildlife such as the Sunda Pangolin, Indian Muntjac, Mouse-deer, Leopard Cat, and several species of macaque.Bali Barat was first established as a game reserve in 1947, extended in 1978 and given national park status in 1982.
Bali enjoys tropical weather, being only a few degrees south of the equator. It only has a wet season, typically from September to February, and a dry season for the other half of the year.This climate endows Bali with a number of unique vegetation, including waringin trees (banyan), salak Bali, and a multitude of flowers from a very fragrant cempaka to literally thousand kinds of orchids.Life in Bali is always related to "Tri Hita Karana" or a tripartite concept that include the spiritual relationship between human and God, and their environment. The rapid growth of development in tourism has had a big impact and influences to Bali tradition and lifestyle. It is the Balinese civilization what makes the island different from other destination. Bali is renowned for its diverse and sophisticated art forms, such as painting, sculpture, woodcarving, handcrafts, and performing arts. Balinese dances portray stories from Hindu epics such as the Ramayana but with heavy Balinese influence. Famous Balinese dances include pendet, baris, topeng, barong, gong keybar, and kecak (the monkey dance).